Where Did Ancient Ubaid Civilization Develop?

The ancient Ubaid civilization is considered to be one of the earliest civilizations in human history. It dates back to the mid-6th millennium BC and was located in Mesopotamia, which is now known as Iraq. The civilization was named after the ancient city of Ubaid, located in southern Iraq.

The Ubaid Civilization

The Ubaid civilization is believed to have developed around 5000 BC and lasted until 4000 BC. During this period, the civilization experienced significant growth and development, including advances in agriculture, trade, and social organization.


The Ubaid civilization was primarily located in Mesopotamia, which is a region that encompasses parts of modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey. The area is known for its fertile land and abundant water supply due to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Social Organization

The society of the Ubaid civilization was divided into different classes based on their occupation. The upper class consisted of priests and rulers who controlled the political power while the lower class consisted of farmers and laborers who worked on the fields.


Agriculture played a crucial role in the development of the Ubaid civilization. Farmers cultivated crops such as wheat, barley, lentils, peas, and beans. They also raised animals such as sheep, goats, pigs, cows, and horses.


The people of the Ubaid civilization were skilled traders who established extensive trade routes with neighboring regions such as Iran and India. They traded goods such as textiles made from wool and linen as well as metals like copper.


In conclusion, the ancient Ubaid civilization was an early example of human society that developed around 5000 BC in Mesopotamia. It was a civilization that thrived on agriculture, trade, and social organization. Despite its relatively short lifespan, the Ubaid civilization played a significant role in shaping the development of human society and culture.