Where Is Ancient Greece Located on a World Map?

Where Is Ancient Greece Located on a World Map?

Ancient Greece, the birthplace of Western civilization, is located in southeastern Europe. It is situated at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. The Greek mainland is bordered by the Ionian Sea to the west and the Aegean Sea to the east.

The Geography of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece consists of a mountainous mainland and numerous islands scattered in the Aegean and Ionian Seas. The country’s rugged terrain played a significant role in shaping its history, culture, and politics.

Mainland Greece:

The mountain ranges that dominate mainland Greece include the Pindus Mountains in the north and the Peloponnese Peninsula in the south. These mountains not only provided natural boundaries but also isolated various city-states from one another.

Greek Islands:

The Greek islands are divided into two main groups – the Ionian Islands on the west coast and the Aegean Islands to the east. Some famous Greek islands include Crete, Rhodes, Santorini, Mykonos, and Corfu.

Significance of Geography

The geography of ancient Greece greatly influenced its development as an advanced civilization. The sea served as a means of communication and trade with neighboring regions like Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and Egypt. The mountains acted as natural barriers protecting Greek city-states from invasions.

Ancient Greece on a World Map


  • Ancient Greece is located between 36° North latitude (at its southernmost point) to 42° North latitude (at its northernmost point).


  • Ancient Greece extends from 19° East longitude (at its westernmost point) to 30° East longitude (at its easternmost point).

With these coordinates, you can easily locate ancient Greece on a world map. It is worth noting that the territories of ancient Greece extended beyond the modern borders of the country known as Greece today.

Ancient Greek City-States

The city-states were the most important political units in ancient Greece. Some notable city-states include Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi. Each city-state had its own government, laws, and customs.


Athens was known for its democratic system of government and was considered the birthplace of democracy. It was also a center for philosophy, art, and literature.


Sparta was renowned for its military prowess and discipline. The Spartan citizens dedicated their lives to military training and were known for their bravery in battle.


Ancient Greece’s location in southeastern Europe made it an influential civilization that left a lasting impact on Western culture. Its geography shaped its history and politics while allowing it to engage in trade with neighboring regions. The city-states within ancient Greece each had their own unique characteristics that contributed to the overall diversity of this remarkable civilization.