Marathon is a small town located in Attica, Greece. It is known for its historical significance and for being the site of the famous Battle of Marathon.
History of Marathon
The town of Marathon derives its name from the legend of Pheidippides, a Greek messenger who ran from Marathon to Athens to deliver news of the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 BC. According to legend, Pheidippides ran the entire distance without stopping and died upon delivering the message.
The Battle of Marathon was fought between the Greeks and Persians in 490 BC. The Persian army, under the command of Darius I, had invaded Greece with the intention of conquering it. The Athenian army, led by Miltiades, met the Persians at Marathon and defeated them in a surprise attack.
Location and Geography
Marathon is located on the east coast of Attica, about 26 miles northeast of Athens. It is situated on a plain between Mount Pentelicus to the east and Mount Hymettus to the west. The plain is bordered by the Aegean Sea to the north.
The area around Marathon is known for its natural beauty and has become popular with tourists in recent years. Visitors can enjoy hiking in nearby mountains or swimming at one of several beaches along the coast.
Monuments and Landmarks
One of the most famous landmarks in Marathon is the Tomb of the Athenians, which was built after their victory over Persia at Marathon. The tomb contains over 200 Athenian soldiers who died during battle.
Another notable monument in Marathon is a statue commemorating Pheidippides’ run from Marathon to Athens. The statue depicts Pheidippides as he delivers his message to city officials in Athens.
Marathon is a small town with a rich history and natural beauty. Its location on the east coast of Attica, between two mountains and the sea, makes it an ideal destination for tourists interested in both history and outdoor activities. The Battle of Marathon and the legend of Pheidippides have made Marathon an important part of Greek mythology and continue to inspire visitors from all over the world.