Peloponnesus, also known as the Peloponnese, is a peninsula located in southern Greece. It is bounded by the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Gulf of Corinth to the north.
The Geography of Peloponnesus
Peloponnesus is a land of rugged mountains, fertile valleys, and pristine beaches. The highest peak is Mount Taygetus, which rises to 2,407 meters (7,897 feet) above sea level. The peninsula has a varied climate with hot summers and mild winters.
The History of Peloponnesus
Peloponnesus has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It was home to several ancient Greek city-states, including Sparta, Corinth, Mycenae, and Argos. These city-states were known for their military prowess and cultural achievements.
During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE), Athens fought against Sparta and its allies for control of Greece. The war ended with Sparta emerging as the dominant power in Greece.
In later years, Peloponnesus came under Roman rule and then Byzantine rule. It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century and remained under Ottoman control until it became part of Greece in 1821.
The Attractions of Peloponnesus
Peloponnesus is a popular tourist destination due to its rich history and natural beauty. Some of its top attractions include:
- The ancient ruins at Olympia, where the Olympic Games were held every four years from 776 BCE to 393 CE.
- The fortress town of Monemvasia, which dates back to the Byzantine era.
- The fortified town of Nafplio, which served as Greece’s first capital after it gained independence from the Ottoman Empire.
- The Diros Caves, a stunning underground cave system with crystal-clear waters.
- The beaches of Voidokilia and Simos, which are considered some of the most beautiful in Greece.
Peloponnesus is a fascinating region of Greece with a rich history and natural beauty. From ancient ruins to pristine beaches, the peninsula has something to offer every type of traveler. If you’re planning a trip to Greece, be sure to include Peloponnesus on your itinerary!