Where Is Sardis in Ancient Greece?

Sardis, also known as Sardes, was an ancient city located in western Anatolia, present-day Turkey. The city was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, which was renowned for its wealth and military power.

The History of Sardis

Sardis was founded in the middle of the first millennium BCE, and it quickly became a significant political and cultural center. It was ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, including the Lydians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.

The Lydian dynasty is particularly noteworthy because it was during their reign that Sardis became one of the wealthiest cities in the ancient world. The Lydians were skilled traders and merchants who were famous for their gold coins.

Sardis in Greek Mythology

In Greek mythology, Sardis is associated with the story of King Midas. According to legend, Midas lived in Sardis and possessed a golden touch that turned everything he touched into gold.

However, this gift proved to be more of a curse than a blessing as he soon realized that he could not eat or drink anything without turning it to gold. In desperation, Midas sought out Dionysus to ask him to take away his gift.

The Archaeological Site of Sardis

Today, visitors can explore the extensive ruins of Sardis at an archaeological site located near the modern town of Salihli. The site includes several impressive structures such as the Temple of Artemis and the Royal Road.

One of the most striking features at Sardis is its massive Roman-era gymnasium. The gymnasium complex boasts a 240-meter-long colonnade with rows of columns made from marble and brick.


In conclusion, Sardis was an important city in ancient Greece and was renowned for its wealth, culture, and mythology. Today, the ruins of Sardis offer a glimpse into the city’s rich history and architectural heritage. Whether you’re a history buff or just looking for an interesting place to explore, Sardis is definitely worth a visit.