The Parthenon is one of the most iconic structures in ancient Greece. It is a temple that was built in honor of the goddess Athena, who was considered to be the patron saint of Athens.
The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis, which is a hill in the center of Athens. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Greece and attracts millions of visitors every year.
History of the Parthenon
The construction of the Parthenon began in 447 BC and it was completed in 438 BC. The architect responsible for its design was Iktinos, while Phidias was responsible for its sculpture decoration. The Parthenon was built during the Golden Age of Athens, which was a period when Athens enjoyed great wealth and power.
The purpose of building the Parthenon was to house a massive statue of Athena, which was made out of gold and ivory. The statue stood at 40 feet tall and it dominated the interior space of the temple.
The Parthenon is an excellent example of ancient Greek architecture. It has a rectangular floor plan with eight columns on each end and seventeen columns on each side. The columns are made out of marble and have fluted shafts with Doric capitals.
The frieze that runs along the top edge of the exterior walls depicts scenes from Greek mythology. It is divided into two sections: one that shows gods and goddesses engaged in battle, and another that shows Athenians participating in a religious procession.
As mentioned earlier, the Parthenon is located on top of the Acropolis hill in Athens. The Acropolis itself is an ancient citadel that contains several temples and buildings from different periods in Greek history.
If you’re planning to visit Athens, then visiting the Parthenon should definitely be on your list. You can take a guided tour of the Acropolis and learn more about the history and architecture of this iconic structure. It’s an experience that you will never forget.
In conclusion, the Parthenon is one of the most important and recognizable structures in ancient Greece. It’s a testament to the wealth and power of Athens during its Golden Age.
The architecture of the Parthenon is impressive, and its location on top of a hill in Athens makes it an even more impressive sight to behold. So, if you’re planning to visit Greece, make sure to include a trip to the Parthenon on your itinerary!