Where Was the Death and Resurrection of Jesus?

The death and resurrection of Jesus is one of the most significant events in Christianity. It is a cornerstone of the faith, and its location holds great importance to believers worldwide. In this article, we’ll explore the different theories about where Jesus died and was resurrected.

The Crucifixion

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was crucified outside the walls of Jerusalem. The exact location of his death is debated, but there are two main contenders: Golgotha and the Garden Tomb.


Golgotha, also known as Calvary, is traditionally believed to be the site of Jesus’ crucifixion. The name “Golgotha” means “place of the skull” in Aramaic, and it is said that the hill was named after its skull-like shape. Today, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre stands on this site in Jerusalem’s Old City.

According to tradition, Emperor Constantine’s mother Helena discovered Golgotha in AD 326. She had been sent by her son to Jerusalem to locate important Christian sites and relics. Helena believed that she had found Golgotha after hearing about a temple dedicated to Venus that had been built over the site by Emperor Hadrian.

However, some scholars believe that Golgotha was actually located outside Jerusalem’s walls at a site now called Gordon’s Calvary. This theory is based on biblical accounts that say Jesus was crucified near a gate (John 19:20) and that his tomb was nearby (John 19:41-42). Gordon’s Calvary is located near an ancient gate called the Damascus Gate and has a tomb nearby that fits this description.

The Garden Tomb

The Garden Tomb is another possible location for Jesus’ crucifixion and burial. This site is located just north of Jerusalem’s Old City and is maintained by a Christian organization. The tomb itself is cut into the rock and features a rolling stone that would have been used to seal it.

While the Garden Tomb is not mentioned in the Bible, some believers argue that it fits the description of Jesus’ burial site. They point to the fact that it was a garden, which matches John’s Gospel’s account of Jesus being buried in a garden (John 19:41).

The Resurrection

The location of Jesus’ resurrection is also debated. According to the Gospels, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. The Bible tells us that Mary Magdalene and other women went to Jesus’ tomb early on Sunday morning and found it empty.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is traditionally believed to be the site of Jesus’ resurrection. The church contains several chapels and altars that mark different events in Jesus’ life, including his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection.

According to tradition, Emperor Constantine ordered the church’s construction in AD 326 after his mother Helena identified it as the site of Jesus’ tomb. Today, visitors can see an empty tomb inside the church’s rotunda that is said to be where Jesus was buried and resurrected.

Some Christians believe that Jesus was resurrected at the Garden Tomb rather than at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. They point to several pieces of evidence, including John’s Gospel’s account of Mary Magdalene mistaking Jesus for a gardener (John 20:15) and descriptions of an empty tomb in a garden (John 19:41).

However, most scholars believe that there is not enough evidence to support this theory. The Garden Tomb was not discovered until 1867, and there is no historical record of it being associated with Jesus’ resurrection before that time.


The exact location of Jesus’ death and resurrection may never be known for certain. However, the debates and discussions surrounding these events continue to enrich our understanding of Christianity’s origins. Regardless of where Jesus died and was resurrected, his message of love, forgiveness, and salvation continues to inspire believers around the world.