Where Was Turkey in Ancient Greece?

Where Was Turkey in Ancient Greece?

In ancient times, the region we now know as Turkey played a significant role in the history of Ancient Greece. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, this land was home to various Greek settlements and cities that left a lasting impact on the cultural and political landscape of the time.

The Aegean Region

The Aegean region of Turkey, which includes cities such as Troy and Ephesus, was an important area during the Bronze Age. It witnessed the rise and fall of civilizations, including the Mycenaeans and Hittites.


Troy, famously known as the setting for Homer’s epic poem, “The Iliad,” was located in what is now modern-day Turkey. The city became a center of conflict between Greeks and Trojans during the late Bronze Age.

Fun Fact: The Trojan War is believed to have taken place around 1200 BCE.


Ephesus was another prominent Greek city in ancient Turkey. It thrived during the classical period and became one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world.

  • The Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was located in Ephesus.
  • Ephesus was an important center for trade and commerce.
  • The Library of Celsus, a famous ancient library, was also situated here.

The Ionian Coast

The Ionian coast of Turkey played a vital role in ancient Greek history due to its proximity to Greece itself. It was home to several Greek colonies that greatly influenced local culture.


Miletus was a significant city on the Ionian coast. It was known for its philosophical and scientific contributions, being the birthplace of notable thinkers such as Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes.


Didyma, located near Miletus, housed the famous Temple of Apollo. It was an important religious sanctuary visited by pilgrims from all over Greece.

Lycia and Pamphylia

The regions of Lycia and Pamphylia were located in modern-day southwestern Turkey. These regions were home to a mix of Greek, Persian, and indigenous cultures.


Xanthos was the capital city of Lycia and played a crucial role in the region’s history. The city witnessed conflicts between Greeks, Persians, and other regional powers.


Side was an ancient Greek city located in Pamphylia. It became an important trading center due to its strategic coastal location.

Fun Fact: The name “Pamphylia” means “land of all tribes.”

In conclusion, Turkey’s present-day territory was once home to numerous Greek settlements that contributed significantly to Ancient Greece’s cultural and historical development. Exploring these ancient sites is not only an opportunity to witness breathtaking archaeological wonders but also a chance to immerse oneself in the rich heritage that connects Turkey with its ancient Greek roots.