Which Ancient Civilization Celebrated Wepet Renpet as Their New Year?

Wepet Renpet, also known as the “opening of the year,” was celebrated as the New Year in ancient Egypt. The word “Wepet Renpet” itself means “the feast of the first day.” The ancient Egyptians celebrated this festival on the first day of the inundation, which was a period when the Nile river overflowed its banks and fertilized the surrounding land.

The Significance of Wepet Renpet

The celebration of Wepet Renpet was an important event in ancient Egypt. It marked the beginning of a new agricultural season and was associated with the rebirth of Ra, their sun god. The Egyptians believed that Ra emerged from his underground passage on this day to shine his light on the earth once again, bringing life and prosperity to their land.

The Rituals and Customs

The festival was often celebrated with feasting, drinking, and dancing. Egyptians wore their best clothes and adorned themselves with jewelry to mark this auspicious occasion. They also exchanged gifts with each other to spread joy and happiness.

During Wepet Renpet, people would clean their homes and decorate them with greenery such as palm branches or reeds. They would also make offerings to their gods by leaving food and drink at their temples or shrines.

One important ritual during Wepet Renpet involved casting small clay models into the river. These models represented any bad luck or negativity from the previous year that Egyptians wanted to get rid of before starting anew. This tradition is similar to our modern-day practice of making New Year’s resolutions.


In conclusion, Wepet Renpet was an essential celebration for ancient Egyptians as it marked a new beginning for them every year. It allowed them to reflect on their past mistakes while giving them hope for a better future filled with prosperity and joy.

As we celebrate New Year’s Eve every year, it’s essential to remember the significance of this day for ancient civilizations like Egypt. The rituals and customs of Wepet Renpet may have been different from our modern-day celebrations, but the essence of starting anew and spreading joy remains the same.