Which Ancient Civilization Influenced Democracy?

Democracy is a term that we hear so often in our daily lives. It is an important part of modern governance and has been adopted by several nations across the world.

But did you know that the concept of democracy originated in ancient times? Yes, it is true! Let’s explore which ancient civilization influenced democracy.

Ancient Greece: The birthplace of democracy

Ancient Greece is widely regarded as the birthplace of democracy. The city-state of Athens, in particular, is credited with laying the foundation for modern-day democratic systems. In Athens, citizens were allowed to participate in decision-making through a process known as direct democracy.

Direct Democracy

Under direct democracy, citizens would gather in a large assembly to discuss and vote on important issues. This system allowed every citizen to have an equal say in decision-making, regardless of their social status or wealth. Such a system was revolutionary in ancient times, where power was traditionally held by a small group of elites.

Other Greek City-States

While Athens is often cited as the leader in democratic governance, other Greek city-states also played a role in promoting democratic ideals. For example, the city-state of Corinth had a similar system where all citizens could participate in decision-making.

Roman Republic: A Mixed Form

The Roman Republic was another ancient civilization that influenced modern-day democratic systems. The Roman Republic’s form of government was known as a mixed form, which combined elements of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.

Senate and Consuls

The Roman Republic had two consuls who acted as joint heads of state and were elected by citizens every year. Additionally, there was also a senate consisting of 300 members who advised the consuls on matters related to governance.

Plebeians and Patricians

However, it is important to note that not all citizens in Rome had equal rights. There was a social divide between the plebeians (commoners) and patricians (nobles). While the Roman Republic’s government was not a pure democracy, it did lay the foundation for representative governance.

Egyptian Influence

Apart from Greece and Rome, ancient Egypt also had an influence on democratic governance. The Egyptian civilization had a council of elders who advised the pharaoh on matters related to governance. While this system was not democratic in nature, it did provide a platform for citizen participation in decision-making.


In conclusion, ancient Greece is widely regarded as the civilization that influenced modern-day democracy the most. However, other ancient civilizations such as Rome and Egypt also contributed to shaping democratic ideals. It is fascinating to see how these civilizations laid the foundation for modern-day democratic systems and how their legacy continues to impact our lives today.