Which Ancient Civilization Was Founded in the Middle East?

The Middle East is a region that has been the cradle of civilization for millennia. It is home to some of the world’s oldest and most influential civilizations, which have left an indelible mark on the world.

But which ancient civilization was founded in the Middle East? Let’s explore.

The Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent is a region that stretches from the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. It is so-called because it was once a lush and fertile area that supported the growth of crops and sustained large populations. The Fertile Crescent is widely regarded as the birthplace of civilization, and it was here that one of the first ancient civilizations was founded.

The Sumerians

The Sumerians are considered one of the earliest civilizations in history, and they flourished in Mesopotamia, which is modern-day Iraq. The Sumerians developed a complex system of writing, which is known as cuneiform. They also built impressive cities with monumental structures such as ziggurats, which were temples dedicated to their gods.

Fun fact: The Sumerians were also responsible for inventing the wheel, which revolutionized transportation and paved the way for modern transportation systems.

The Babylonians

The Babylonian empire emerged after the decline of Sumerian civilization around 2000 BCE. The Babylonians were known for their impressive architecture, including hanging gardens that were considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They also developed a legal code called Hammurabi’s Code, which laid down laws governing everything from marriage and divorce to property rights.

The Assyrians

The Assyrians were another ancient civilization that emerged in Mesopotamia around 2500 BCE. They are best known for their military prowess and conquests, which saw them conquer much of the Middle East. The Assyrians were also skilled in the arts and sciences, and they made important contributions to fields such as astronomy and medicine.

  • The Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians are just a few examples of the ancient civilizations that were founded in the Middle East.
  • Other notable civilizations include the Persians, who built a vast empire that stretched from Greece to India, and the Phoenicians, who were known for their seafaring skills and trading networks.
  • These civilizations had a profound impact on world history, influencing everything from politics to art and literature.


In conclusion, ancient civilization has a rich history in the Middle East. The region has been home to some of the world’s most influential civilizations that have shaped not only our understanding of human history but also our modern world. From the Sumerians to the Persians, these civilizations have left an indelible mark on human civilization.