Which Ancient Civilization Was in Peru?

Peru is a land of mystique and wonder, with a rich cultural history that has fascinated people for centuries. One of the most interesting aspects of Peru is its ancient civilizations, which left behind incredible works of art, architecture, and engineering.

But which ancient civilization was in Peru? Let’s explore some of the most important ones.

The Inca Empire

When people think of ancient Peru, the first civilization that comes to mind is usually the Inca Empire. This powerful civilization ruled over much of South America from the 13th century until the arrival of Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.

The Incas are known for their impressive stonework, including Machu Picchu, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. They were also skilled farmers who developed terrace agriculture to grow crops on steep mountain slopes.

The Nazca Culture

The Nazca culture is another important ancient civilization in Peru. This civilization lived in what is now southern Peru from around 100 BC to 800 AD.

They are known for their incredible geoglyphs, large designs etched into the ground that can only be seen from high above. The most famous geoglyphs are the Nazca Lines, which include shapes such as animals and geometric patterns.

The Moche Civilization

The Moche civilization lived along the coast of northern Peru from around 100 AD to 700 AD. They were skilled metalworkers and created beautiful gold and silver ornaments.

They also built impressive adobe structures, including Huaca del Sol (Temple of the Sun) and Huaca de la Luna (Temple of the Moon). These temples were used for religious ceremonies and sacrifices.

The Chimu Empire

The Chimu Empire ruled over northern coastal Peru from around 900 AD to 1470 AD. They were skilled architects and engineers who built impressive structures such as Chan Chan, the largest adobe city in the world. The Chimu were also known for their metalworking and textile production.


Peru is home to many ancient civilizations, each with their own unique contributions to history. From the Inca Empire to the Nazca culture, these civilizations left behind incredible works of art and architecture that continue to fascinate people today. Whether you’re interested in history, archaeology, or just love exploring new cultures, Peru is definitely a destination worth visiting.