Which Ancient Civilization Was the Smartest?

There is no definitive answer to the question of which ancient civilization was the smartest. However, there are several civilizations that have made significant contributions to human history and continue to influence our lives today. In this article, we will explore some of the most intelligent ancient civilizations and their contributions.

The Ancient Greeks

The ancient Greeks are often considered one of the most intelligent civilizations in history. Their achievements in philosophy, mathematics, science, and art continue to influence modern society. For example, their philosophy has influenced Western thought for centuries and their mathematical discoveries laid the foundation for modern mathematics.

One of the most famous philosophers from ancient Greece was Socrates. He encouraged people to think critically and question everything they believed, which was a revolutionary idea at the time. Other famous Greek philosophers include Plato and Aristotle.

The Ancient Egyptians

The ancient Egyptians were another highly intelligent civilization that made significant contributions to human history. They developed a system of writing known as hieroglyphics, which allowed them to record important information about their society and culture.

Egyptians were also skilled builders who constructed massive pyramids that still stand today. These pyramids were built as tombs for pharaohs and were designed with complex mathematical calculations that ensured they would last for thousands of years.

The Ancient Chinese

The ancient Chinese civilization was one of the most advanced in terms of technology and science. They invented papermaking, gunpowder, compasses, and printing techniques that continue to impact our lives today.

Chinese medicine is another area where they made significant strides. They developed acupuncture as a way to treat various ailments by inserting needles into specific points on the body.

The Ancient Romans

The ancient Romans are often remembered for their military conquests but they also made important contributions to engineering, architecture, and law. They built massive structures such as aqueducts that transported water over long distances and developed a legal system that is still the basis for many modern legal systems.


In conclusion, there are many ancient civilizations that were incredibly intelligent and made significant contributions to human history. The ancient Greeks, Egyptians, Chinese, and Romans are just a few examples of civilizations that continue to impact our lives today. By studying these civilizations, we can gain a deeper understanding of our past and how it has shaped our present.