Which Are the Civilization of Ancient Colombia?

Ancient Colombia was home to several civilizations that flourished in the region for centuries. These cultures left behind a rich heritage of art, architecture, and customs that continue to fascinate people today. In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the most prominent civilizations of ancient Colombia.

The Chibcha Civilization

One of the most significant pre-Columbian civilizations in Colombia was the Chibcha civilization. They were located in the central Andean region of present-day Colombia and flourished from around 800 AD to 1600 AD. The Chibchas were known for their advanced agricultural techniques, which allowed them to cultivate crops such as potatoes, corn, and beans on terraced hillsides.

The culture of the Chibchas was centered around their religion, which revolved around a pantheon of gods who governed various aspects of life. The Chibchas also had a complex social hierarchy with nobles at the top and peasants at the bottom.

The Tayrona Civilization

The Tayrona civilization was another major civilization that lived in ancient Colombia. They inhabited the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range on the Caribbean coast from about 200 AD until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. The Tayrona are known for their impressive stone structures, including roads and terraces built into steep mountainsides.

The Tayrona were skilled farmers who used irrigation systems to cultivate crops such as yucca, maize, and cotton. They also had a complex social structure with nobles at the top and commoners at the bottom.

The Muisca Civilization

The Muisca civilization existed from around 800 AD until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. They lived in what is now central Colombia and were known for their goldworking skills. The Muisca used gold for both decorative and ceremonial purposes.

The Muisca were also skilled farmers who used irrigation systems to grow crops such as potatoes, maize, and beans. They had a complex religion that revolved around the worship of the sun and moon.

The Quimbaya Civilization

The Quimbaya civilization existed from around 300 AD until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. They lived in what is now western Colombia and were known for their goldworking skills. The Quimbaya created intricate gold figurines that are still admired for their beauty today.

The Quimbaya were skilled farmers who grew crops such as maize, beans, and cassava. They also had a complex religion that involved the worship of various gods.

Conclusion

In conclusion, ancient Colombia was home to several fascinating civilizations that left behind impressive legacies. These cultures were skilled farmers, craftsmen, and architects who left behind impressive examples of their work. Their art, customs, and beliefs continue to intrigue people from all over the world today.