Which Countries Did Ancient Greece Trade With?

Ancient Greece was known for its extensive trading network that spanned across the Mediterranean and beyond. The Greeks were skilled seafarers and traders who established colonies and trading posts in various parts of the world. Let’s take a look at some of the countries that Ancient Greece traded with.

Egypt

Egypt was one of the major trading partners of Ancient Greece. The Greeks imported papyrus, linen, and grain from Egypt while exporting wine, olive oil, and silver. The trade between the two countries began in the 7th century BC when Greek merchants established a trading post in Naucratis, a city in the Nile Delta.

Persia

The Persian Empire was a significant trading partner of Ancient Greece. The Greeks imported luxury goods like perfumes, precious stones, and textiles from Persia while exporting wine, olive oil, and pottery. However, trade between Persia and Greece was not always peaceful as both sides engaged in several wars.

Italy

Italy or Magna Graecia (Greater Greece) was a region in southern Italy where Greek colonies were established during the 8th century BC. The Greeks traded extensively with Magna Graecia, importing timber, leather, and metals while exporting wine, olive oil, and pottery.

Phoenicia

Phoenicia was an ancient civilization located in present-day Lebanon that had extensive trading relations with Ancient Greece. The Greeks imported cedar wood from Phoenicia while exporting wine, olive oil, and silver.

Black Sea Region

The Black Sea region was another significant trading partner of Ancient Greece. The Greeks established colonies along the coast of what is now modern-day Ukraine to trade with indigenous peoples like the Scythians. They imported wheat, barley, honey, furs while exporting pottery and wine.

Conclusion

Ancient Greece had a vast trading network that extended from the Mediterranean to as far as the Black Sea. The Greeks traded in a variety of goods like wine, olive oil, pottery, and luxury items like perfumes and precious stones. The trade relations between Ancient Greece and its various trading partners were not always peaceful, but they played a significant role in shaping the economy and culture of Ancient Greece.