Which Disciples of Jesus Prepared the Last Supper?

The Last Supper is one of the significant events in the life of Jesus Christ that has been celebrated and remembered by millions of Christians worldwide. It has been a subject of numerous paintings, sculptures, and songs throughout history, but the question remains: who prepared the Last Supper?

According to the Bible, Jesus Christ shared his last meal with his twelve disciples in an upper room before his crucifixion. The Gospel accounts do not give a specific answer to who prepared the meal, but they do provide some clues.

The Passover Meal
The Last Supper was likely a Passover meal, which was traditionally prepared by women in Jewish households. The Passover feast commemorates the Exodus story when God delivered Israel from slavery in Egypt. Therefore, it is almost certain that women played a significant role in preparing the Passover meal for Jesus and his disciples.

Mary Magdalene
One theory suggests that Mary Magdalene may have played a role in preparing the Last Supper. Mary was a devoted follower of Jesus and was present at many important events in his life. Some scholars believe that Mary’s background as a wealthy woman may have given her access to an upper room where she could have prepared the meal.

However, this theory is not widely accepted because there is no direct evidence to support it.

The Disciples Themselves
Another possibility is that Jesus’ disciples themselves prepared the meal. While it seems unlikely that twelve men would be able to prepare an elaborate meal by themselves, it is possible that they could have contributed to its preparation.

Moreover, according to Mark 14:13-15, Jesus instructed two of his disciples to “go into the city” and find “a man carrying a jar of water” who would lead them to an upper room where they could prepare for the Passover feast. This suggests that some of Jesus’ disciples were involved in the preparation of the meal.

The Holy Spirit
Finally, some Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was responsible for preparing the Last Supper. This belief is based on the idea that Jesus was able to perform miracles through the power of the Holy Spirit, and therefore, it is possible that the Holy Spirit could have prepared the meal.


In conclusion, while there is no definitive answer to who prepared the Last Supper, it is likely that a combination of factors contributed to its preparation. Women were traditionally responsible for preparing Passover meals, so it is almost certain that they played a significant role in preparing the meal.

Additionally, it is possible that Jesus’ disciples themselves contributed to its preparation, as well as potentially Mary Magdalene. Ultimately, however, some Christians believe that it was through the power of the Holy Spirit that this sacred meal was prepared.