Which Early American Civilization Built the Ancient City Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu is one of the most famous ancient cities in the world. It is located in Peru, South America, and is considered one of the greatest architectural and engineering achievements of the Inca civilization.

However, many people don’t know which early American civilization built this amazing city. Let’s take a closer look.

The Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization was one of the largest and most advanced civilizations in pre-Columbian America. They built their empire in South America, primarily in modern-day Peru, between the 13th and 16th centuries AD. The Inca were known for their impressive architectural skills and their ability to build massive structures using only stone tools.

Machu Picchu: The Lost City

Machu Picchu was built during the height of the Inca Empire, around 1450 AD. It is believed to have been a royal estate or religious site for Inca leaders. The city was abandoned about a century later during the Spanish conquest of Peru and remained hidden until its rediscovery in 1911 by Hiram Bingham III.

Architectural Marvels

Machu Picchu is an architectural marvel that has amazed visitors for over a century. The city sits on top of a mountain ridge at an altitude of over 7,000 feet above sea level. Its buildings are made from massive stone blocks that fit perfectly together without any mortar or cement.

The city was designed with terraces that were used to grow crops and prevent soil erosion on steep slopes. The terraces also provided access to fresh water sources through an elaborate system of channels and aqueducts.


In conclusion, Machu Picchu was built by the Inca civilization during their reign over South America. This ancient city remains one of the most impressive architectural achievements in history and continues to attract travelers from around the world. If you ever get the chance to visit Peru, make sure to add Machu Picchu to your itinerary.