Which Is the Most Famous Indian University During Ancient Times?

India has a rich history of education and learning that dates back to ancient times. The country has been home to some of the oldest universities in the world, where students from various parts of the country and beyond came to receive knowledge.

One such university that gained immense popularity during ancient times was Takshashila University. Located in present-day Pakistan, Takshashila was established around 700 BC and is considered one of the earliest universities in the world.

Location and History

Takshashila University was located in the ancient city of Taxila, which was part of the Gandhara civilization. The university was a center for learning that attracted students from all over India and beyond. According to historical accounts, Takshashila University was founded by one of India’s greatest kings, Bharata.


Takshashila University had a vast curriculum that covered subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, politics, medicine, warfare, religion, and philosophy. It offered courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels and had some renowned scholars as its faculty members.

Teaching Methodology

The teaching methodology at Takshashila University was unique for its time. Students were taught through interactive sessions where they could ask questions and engage in debates with their teachers. This approach helped them develop critical thinking skills and encouraged them to challenge conventional wisdom.

Student Life

The university had a hostel system where students could stay during their course of study. The hostels were divided into different sections based on caste or social status. Students were also encouraged to participate in extracurricular activities such as sports and music.


Takshashila University’s legacy lives on even today. It is considered one of the earliest centers for higher learning in South Asia and has influenced education systems around the world. The university produced some notable alumni, including the famous Indian philosopher and economist, Chanakya.


Takshashila University was undoubtedly one of the most famous universities in ancient India. Its impact on education and learning cannot be overstated, and it remains a source of inspiration for educators around the world. The university’s focus on critical thinking and interactive learning has set a standard that is still relevant in today’s times.