Which Is Writing Materials of Ancient Times?

Writing is one of the most essential inventions in human history. It has played a crucial role in preserving knowledge and history, and it has allowed people to communicate ideas across generations.

The earliest known form of writing dates back to around 4000 BCE, and it was developed by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). However, the materials used for writing have evolved significantly over time.

Clay Tablets
One of the earliest forms of writing materials was clay tablets. The Sumerians used styluses to press cuneiform symbols into wet clay tablets, which were then dried and hardened in the sun. These tablets were durable and could last for thousands of years, making them an excellent medium for record-keeping.

The ancient Egyptians used papyrus as a writing material. Papyrus is a type of paper made from the pithy stem of the papyrus plant.

Sheets of papyrus were made by laying thin strips side by side and pressing them together. Papyrus was lightweight, easy to transport, and could be written on using reed pens dipped in ink.

Parchment was developed around 200 BCE by the Greeks and Romans. It is made from animal skins (usually sheep or goats) that have been treated with lime to remove hair and flesh. Parchment was expensive but durable, making it an ideal medium for important documents such as religious texts or legal contracts.

Wax Tablets
Wax tablets were commonly used in ancient Rome for everyday writing tasks such as shopping lists or notes. They consisted of two wooden boards with a layer of wax between them. Messages could be written on the wax using a stylus, and when the message was no longer needed, it could be smoothed over with a spatula.

Ink on Paper
The invention of paper in China around 100 BCE revolutionized the way people wrote. Paper was cheaper and more readily available than parchment, making it accessible to a wider range of people. Ink made from soot and water could be applied to paper using brushes, allowing for more intricate writing and drawing.

Quills and Fountain Pens
In the Middle Ages, quills made from feathers were commonly used for writing. The feather was sharpened into a point, and ink was applied to the tip using a penknife. The invention of the fountain pen in the 19th century allowed for a more efficient way of applying ink to paper.


The materials used for writing have evolved significantly over time, from clay tablets to fountain pens. Each material had its advantages and disadvantages, but they all played an important role in preserving knowledge and history. Today, we have access to a wide range of writing materials that allow us to communicate ideas across the globe with ease.