Who Are Benefited by Indian Monsoon From Ancient Times?

Monsoon is a meteorological phenomenon that brings an enormous amount of rainfall to the Indian subcontinent. From ancient times, the Indian monsoon has been a lifeline for the people of India. The monsoon season starts from June and lasts till September, and it brings much-needed relief to the country after scorching summer months.

The monsoon is a blessing for farmers as it provides them with the much-needed water for their crops. The agriculture sector in India heavily depends on the monsoon as more than half of the country’s agricultural land is rainfed. The arrival of monsoon marks the beginning of the sowing season, and farmers eagerly wait for it to start planting their crops.

Historical significance

Indian history is replete with instances where the arrival of monsoon brought much-needed relief to people. In ancient times, Indian kings used to celebrate the onset of monsoon with great pomp and show. Monsoons were considered sacred and were believed to be a gift from gods.

During ancient times, rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Indus, and Brahmaputra were considered holy. People used to take dips in these rivers during monsoons as they believed that it purifies their soul. Many festivals like Teej and Raksha Bandhan are celebrated during this time when women pray for long life for their brothers and husbands.

Impact on economy

The Indian economy heavily depends on agriculture that contributes around 17% to India’s GDP. A good monsoon season can lead to a bumper crop yield, which can result in lower food prices due to increased supply. This can benefit not only farmers but also consumers who have been struggling with high food prices.

Moreover, many industries like textiles, tourism, and aviation also benefit from good rainfall during the monsoon season. It also provides an opportunity for hydropower generation due to increased water availability.

Challenges during monsoon

While the monsoon season brings relief to the country, it also presents several challenges for the people of India. Heavy rainfall can lead to floods, landslides, and waterlogging in many parts of the country. This can result in loss of life, property damage, and disruption of essential services.

Moreover, inadequate infrastructure in many parts of the country can worsen the situation during monsoons. Poor drainage systems and lack of proper roads can lead to traffic jams and transportation disruptions.


In conclusion, Indian monsoon has been a vital part of Indian culture and history. It continues to be a crucial factor in the country’s economy as well as the lives of millions of people who depend on it directly or indirectly. While challenges persist during this season, it is still an eagerly awaited time for farmers and common people alike who hope for a good rainfall year after year.