Who Did the Ancient Greece Trade With?

Who Did the Ancient Greece Trade With?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that thrived between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE. Known for its advancements in philosophy, art, and architecture, Greece also had a robust trade network that allowed it to interact with various civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Let’s explore some of the major trading partners of ancient Greece:

The Mediterranean Powers:

Greece traded extensively with other powerful nations in the Mediterranean region. One of its most significant trading partners was Egypt, a highly prosperous civilization known for its abundance of resources such as papyrus, gold, and precious stones.

Fun Fact: Greek traders were fascinated by Egyptian culture and often imported Egyptian goods like perfumes and cosmetics.

Ancient Greece also had strong trade connections with Phoenicia, a maritime civilization situated in modern-day Lebanon. The Phoenicians excelled in shipbuilding and were renowned traders who dominated long-distance trade routes across the Mediterranean Sea.

The Black Sea Region:

Greek city-states maintained extensive trade networks along the Black Sea coast. They established colonies and traded goods such as grains, timber, honey, wax, slaves, and metals with various tribes inhabiting the region.

Did You Know? Greeks referred to this area as “Pontos Euxeinos,” meaning “the hospitable sea.”

The Far East:

Ancient Greece had limited direct contact with civilizations from the Far East due to geographical barriers. However, they did engage in indirect trade through intermediaries like Persia. Persian traders acted as middlemen between Greek merchants and eastern markets, facilitating the exchange of goods such as silk, spices, ivory, and precious metals.

Rome and Beyond:

During the Hellenistic period, Greece came under Roman rule. This led to a significant increase in trade between the two civilizations.

Rome became a vital trading partner for Greece, importing goods like wine, olive oil, pottery, and marble. In return, Greece imported various Roman products and materials.

Fun Fact: Greek artisans were highly sought after in Rome for their craftsmanship in areas such as sculpture and mosaics.

The Conclusion:

Ancient Greece’s trade network expanded its cultural influence and economic prosperity. The civilization’s ability to engage with diverse civilizations allowed for the exchange of ideas, knowledge, and resources. Through trade, ancient Greece shaped its own identity while leaving a lasting impact on the regions it interacted with.

In summary, ancient Greece traded with powerful nations like Egypt and Phoenicia in the Mediterranean region. It maintained extensive trade networks along the Black Sea coast and engaged in indirect trade with civilizations from the Far East through intermediaries like Persia. Finally, during the Hellenistic period, Greece developed strong trade relations with Rome.


  • “Ancient Greece Trade.” Ancient History Encyclopedia.
  • “Trade in Ancient Greece.” The British Museum.

Now that you know about ancient Greece’s trading partners, isn’t it fascinating how commerce played a crucial role in shaping civilizations?