Ancient Greece is a civilization that has fascinated people for centuries. From its rich history to its incredible mythology, there’s no shortage of interesting facts about this period of time.
One question that often comes up is, “Who founded Ancient Greece?” The answer to this question is not as straightforward as you might think.
The Mythological Founders
According to Greek mythology, Ancient Greece was founded by two brothers named Zeus and Poseidon. Zeus was the king of the gods and Poseidon was the god of the sea.
The two brothers are said to have battled for control over the land and sea, with Zeus ultimately emerging victorious. With his newfound power, Zeus is said to have created the city of Athens and named it after his daughter Athena.
While these myths are certainly interesting, they are not considered historically accurate. In fact, historians believe that Ancient Greece was actually founded by a group of people known as the Mycenaeans.
The Mycenaean Civilization
The Mycenaean civilization existed in Greece from around 1600 BC to 1100 BC. They were a powerful group of people who built impressive fortresses and palaces throughout the region. The Mycenaeans were also skilled traders who established trade routes with neighboring civilizations.
It’s believed that the Mycenaeans were responsible for founding many of the cities that we associate with Ancient Greece today. This includes cities like Athens, Sparta, and Corinth.
The Dark Ages
Following the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization around 1100 BC, Greece entered what is known as the Dark Ages. During this time period, there was little written history and few archaeological remains. As a result, it’s difficult to know exactly what happened during this time period or who may have been responsible for shaping Greek society.
The Rise of City-States
By around 800 BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages. During this time period, city-states began to form throughout the region. These city-states were independent entities with their own governments and cultures.
It’s believed that many of these city-states were founded by groups of people who migrated to the region from other parts of Europe and Asia. Over time, these groups intermingled with the existing population and developed their own unique identities.
The Founding of Athens
One of the most important city-states in Ancient Greece was Athens. According to legend, Athens was founded by Athena herself. However, historians believe that Athens was actually founded by a group of people known as the Ionians.
The Ionians were a group of people who migrated to Greece from Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). They established a settlement on the Acropolis (a hill overlooking Athens) and gradually expanded their territory over time.
In conclusion, while there are many myths surrounding the founding of Ancient Greece, it’s believed that the Mycenaeans were responsible for establishing many of the cities that we associate with this period today. Over time, these cities evolved into independent city-states with their own unique cultures and identities. While we may never know exactly who founded Ancient Greece, it’s clear that this period in history has had a profound impact on Western civilization and continues to fascinate us today.