Who Has the Strongest Army in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and warfare. The Greek city-states had some of the finest armies in the ancient world. But who had the strongest army?

The Spartan Army

When it comes to ancient Greek warfare, the Spartans are often the first to come to mind. The Spartan army was a force to be reckoned with, known for their discipline and bravery in battle.

The Spartans were trained from a young age to become soldiers. They were taught how to fight with a spear and shield, and were trained to be physically fit and mentally tough.

The Spartan army was made up of hoplites – heavily armored soldiers who fought in a phalanx formation. This formation involved soldiers standing shoulder-to-shoulder with their shields overlapping, creating a wall of protection.

The Spartans were feared by their enemies, and with good reason. They were highly skilled fighters who would not hesitate to die for their city-state.

The Athenian Army

While the Spartans are often seen as the dominant military force in ancient Greece, the Athenians also had a strong army.

The Athenian army was made up of hoplites like the Spartans, but they also had other types of soldiers such as archers and cavalry.

What set the Athenian army apart from other Greek armies was their use of naval power. Athens had a powerful navy that allowed them to control trade routes and protect their territory from invasion by sea.

The Athenians also had a democratic government that allowed them to make decisions collectively. This meant that when it came time for war, they could mobilize quickly and effectively.

The Theban Army

The Thebans are often overlooked when it comes to ancient Greek warfare, but they too had a formidable army.

The Theban Sacred Band was made up of 300 elite soldiers who fought together as a unit. This band was made up of male couples, who fought together with the understanding that they would fight harder and more fiercely to protect their loved one.

The Thebans also had a unique military formation called the “Boeotian shield”. This formation involved soldiers standing in a circle, with their shields overlapping to create a wall of protection.


So who had the strongest army in ancient Greece? It’s difficult to say, as each city-state had its own strengths and weaknesses.

The Spartans were known for their discipline and bravery in battle, while the Athenians had a powerful navy and democratic government. The Thebans had their elite Sacred Band and unique military formation.

In the end, it’s safe to say that each city-state had its own unique strengths that made them a formidable force in ancient Greek warfare.