Who Invented Math in Ancient Greece?

Mathematics, as we know it today, has its roots in ancient Greece. It was the Greeks who laid the foundation of mathematical principles that we still use today.

But who exactly invented math in ancient Greece? Let’s explore this question in detail.

The Origins of Mathematics in Ancient Greece

Mathematics was a vital part of ancient Greek culture and society. The Greeks regarded math as a tool to understand the world around them and to solve practical problems. The earliest known mathematicians in Greece were Thales, Pythagoras, and Euclid.


Thales of Miletus (624-546 BC) is considered one of the first mathematicians of ancient Greece. He was a philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician who made significant contributions to geometry and trigonometry. Thales was known for his theorem that states if a triangle has two sides of equal length, then the angles opposite those sides are also equal.


Pythagoras (570-495 BC) is perhaps the most famous Greek mathematician. He was known for his theorem that states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.

Pythagoras also founded a school called Pythagoreanism, which emphasized mathematics as a means to understand the universe’s underlying principles.


Euclid (325-265 BC) is considered one of the most influential mathematicians in history. He wrote a book called “Elements,” which became one of the most important mathematical texts ever written. The book contained 13 volumes covering various aspects of geometry and number theory.

Euclid’s work had a significant impact on mathematics education for centuries after its publication. His approach to mathematics involved logical deduction and proof, which became the foundation for modern mathematics.


In conclusion, it’s difficult to say who exactly invented math in ancient Greece. Thales, Pythagoras, and Euclid were all significant contributors to the field of mathematics and made important discoveries that still influence us today. It was a collective effort of many brilliant minds over several centuries that laid the foundation for modern mathematics.