Who Is Paul in the Life of Jesus?

When we think of the life of Jesus, we often hear about his disciples. One of his most well-known followers was Paul, but who exactly was he and what role did he play in Jesus’ life?

Who Was Paul?

Paul, also known as Saul of Tarsus, was a Jewish man born in the city of Tarsus in modern-day Turkey. He was a zealous Pharisee who initially persecuted Christians before becoming a follower of Jesus. After his conversion, Paul became one of the most influential figures in the early Christian church.

The Conversion of Paul

Paul’s conversion is a significant event in Christian history. According to the Bible, he was on his way to Damascus to persecute Christians when he had a vision of Jesus. This experience led him to become a believer and change his ways.

Acts 9:3-6 describes this momentous occasion:

  • “As he [Paul] neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. “
  • “He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, ‘Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? ‘
  • “‘Who are you, Lord?’ Saul asked.

    ‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,’ he replied. “

  • “‘Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do. ‘

After this experience, Paul’s life changed dramatically. He devoted himself to preaching about Jesus and spreading the gospel message throughout the Roman Empire.

Paul’s Role in Christianity

Paul played an essential role in shaping Christianity as we know it today. His letters make up a significant portion of the New Testament and provide guidance for believers on topics such as faith, salvation, and Christian living.

Colossians 1:25-27 explains Paul’s mission:

  • “I have become its [the church’s] servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness—the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the Lord’s people. To them, God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.”

Paul traveled extensively throughout his life, preaching and establishing churches. He faced opposition and persecution from those who opposed his message, but he remained committed to spreading the gospel.


In conclusion, Paul was a significant figure in the early Christian church. His conversion was a pivotal moment in Christian history, and his teachings continue to guide believers today. Through his letters and missionary work, Paul played an essential role in shaping Christianity into the worldwide religion it is today.