Who Is the First Real History of the World?

The question of who wrote the first real history of the world is a topic that has been debated by scholars for centuries. While there are many historical documents that provide valuable insights into the past, some argue that the first real history of the world was written by the ancient Greek historian, Herodotus.

The Father of History

Herodotus, also known as the “Father of History,” was born in Halicarnassus in 484 BCE. He is best known for his work “The Histories,” which is a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. However, his work also covers a wide range of topics, including geography, anthropology, and cultural practices.

Herodotus’ Methodology

What sets Herodotus apart from other ancient historians is his methodology. Unlike previous historians who relied mostly on myth and legend to tell their stories, Herodotus sought to gather information from eyewitnesses and conduct extensive research in order to paint an accurate picture of events.

Primary Sources

One way he did this was by using primary sources. In “The Histories,” he includes numerous accounts from people who actually witnessed or participated in the events he describes. For example, he includes speeches made by various leaders during battles and interviews with soldiers about their experiences.


Another way Herodotus gathered information was through his extensive travels. He visited numerous countries and regions throughout his life, and used this firsthand knowledge to inform his writing about different cultures and geographic locations.


Despite his groundbreaking approach to historiography, Herodotus’ work has not been without criticism. Some have accused him of being biased or unreliable in his reporting, particularly when it comes to descriptions of non-Greek cultures.

Cultural Biases

For example, in “The Histories,” Herodotus describes the Egyptians as a superstitious and backwards people. This portrayal has been criticized as being based on his own cultural biases rather than accurate observations.


Additionally, some have questioned the accuracy of certain events he describes. For example, some scholars have cast doubt on his account of the Battle of Thermopylae, arguing that he may have exaggerated the numbers of Persian soldiers in order to make the Greek victory seem more impressive.


Despite these criticisms, there is no denying the impact that Herodotus had on the field of historiography. His approach to gathering information and presenting it in a narrative form paved the way for future historians to follow.

Whether or not he was truly the first real historian of the world is a matter of debate. But there is no denying that his work has had a lasting impact on our understanding of history and how we approach its study.