Who Owns All the Farmland During the Ancient Egyptian Times?

During the ancient Egyptian times, farmland was considered a vital resource and was highly sought after. But who owned all the farmland? Let’s take a closer look.

The Pharaoh

The pharaoh was the ultimate authority in ancient Egypt and held all the power. As such, it is safe to assume that the pharaoh owned a significant amount of farmland. In fact, many of the pharaohs were known to have personally owned vast stretches of farmland.

The Priests

The priests played an important role in ancient Egyptian society and were considered to be very influential. They were responsible for maintaining the temples and performing religious ceremonies. The priests also owned a considerable amount of farmland, which they used to support their temples.

The Nobles

The nobles were another group that owned a significant amount of farmland in ancient Egypt. They were wealthy landowners who held positions of power and influence in society. The nobles often used their farmland to grow crops or raise livestock, which they would then sell for profit.

The Commoners

Although not as wealthy or influential as the pharaohs, priests or nobles, commoners also owned land during ancient Egyptian times. It is estimated that around 80% of Egypt’s population during this time were farmers who worked their own land. These small-scale farmers would grow crops such as wheat, barley and flax on their land.


In conclusion, there was no single entity that owned all the farmland during ancient Egyptian times. Rather, it was divided among various groups including the pharaohs, priests, nobles and commoners. This division of ownership helped to ensure that there was enough food to sustain Egyptian society and maintain its stability.

If you are interested in learning more about ancient Egypt and its fascinating history, there are many resources available online and in books. Whether you are a student, researcher or simply someone who enjoys learning about history, the rich and complex history of ancient Egypt is sure to captivate your imagination.