Who Treated the Sick in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, healthcare was not as advanced as it is today. However, there were individuals who dedicated themselves to treating the sick and providing medical care. Let’s explore who these healers were and the methods they used.


The primary caregivers in ancient Greece were physicians. These highly educated individuals studied medicine at renowned institutions such as the Asclepieion, which was a healing temple dedicated to Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine.

Physicians were skilled in diagnosing and treating various ailments. They believed that illnesses were caused by an imbalance of bodily fluids or humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. To restore balance, physicians used treatments such as herbal remedies, diet modifications, and physical therapy.


Hippocrates, often referred to as the father of modern medicine, was one of the most famous physicians in ancient Greece. He emphasized the importance of observing patients’ symptoms and recording them for future reference.

Hippocratic physicians followed a code of ethics known as the Hippocratic Oath. This oath required them to uphold patient confidentiality and prioritize their patients’ well-being above all else.


In addition to physicians, herbalists played a significant role in ancient Greek healthcare. They specialized in using medicinal plants to treat various ailments. Herbalists would gather plants and prepare them into potions or poultices for their patients.

Ancient Greeks believed that certain plants possessed healing properties that could alleviate symptoms or cure diseases. For example, garlic was used for its antibacterial properties while chamomile was believed to have soothing effects on the digestive system.


The Asclepiads were a group of healers who were descendants of the god Asclepius. They had inherited knowledge and skills in medicine and played a crucial role in healthcare during ancient Greece.

Asclepiads worked primarily in the Asclepieions, which were sanctuaries dedicated to Asclepius. These healing temples provided not only medical care but also a spiritual experience for patients seeking relief.


Ancient Greece had a diverse range of healthcare providers, including physicians, herbalists, and Asclepiads. While their methods may seem primitive by today’s standards, they laid the foundation for modern medical practices.

In summary, physicians were the primary caregivers who diagnosed and treated illnesses using various methods. Herbalists specialized in using medicinal plants to alleviate symptoms, while the Asclepiads offered both medical and spiritual care within the sanctuaries dedicated to Asclepius.

  • Ancient Greek physicians focused on restoring balance in bodily fluids.
  • Hippocrates emphasized observation and patient records.
  • Herbalists used medicinal plants for treatment.
  • The Asclepiads provided medical and spiritual care in healing temples.

The contributions of these healers shaped the foundations of medicine and continue to influence healthcare practices today. Understanding their roles helps us appreciate how far we’ve come in treating the sick.