Who Was Abraham World History?

Abraham is a prominent figure in world history and religion, revered by Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike. He is believed to be the father of the Jewish people and a prophet of God in Islam.

But who was Abraham? Let’s explore his life and legacy.

Early Life

Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldeans, which is present-day Iraq, around 2000 BCE. His birth name was Abram, but God changed it to Abraham later in life. Abram grew up in a polytheistic culture, but he believed in only one God.

God’s Calling

When Abram was 75 years old, God called him to leave his homeland and go to a new land that God would show him. Abram obeyed and took his wife Sarah and nephew Lot with him on this journey. They traveled through various places before finally settling in Canaan.

The Covenant

God made a covenant with Abram, promising to make him the father of many nations and give him the land of Canaan as an everlasting possession. As a sign of this covenant, God changed Abram’s name to Abraham (which means “father of many nations”) and commanded him to circumcise himself and all the males in his household.

Family Life

Abraham had two sons – Ishmael from his wife’s maidservant Hagar and Isaac from his wife Sarah. Ishmael became the father of the Arab people while Isaac became the father of the Jewish people.

The Sacrifice

One of the most well-known stories about Abraham is when God commanded him to sacrifice his son Isaac as a test of faith. Abraham obeyed but at the last moment, God provided a ram for sacrifice instead.


Abraham is considered one of the most important figures in world history and religion. His faith and obedience to God have inspired countless people throughout history. He is also seen as a symbol of unity between Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

The Abrahamic Religions

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are collectively known as the Abrahamic religions because they all trace their spiritual lineage back to Abraham. Jews see him as the father of their nation, Christians see him as a patriarch and a precursor to Jesus Christ, while Muslims see him as a prophet and an example of submission to God.

The Importance of Abraham

Abraham’s life teaches us about faith, obedience, and trust in God. He left his comfortable life to follow God’s calling, even though he didn’t know where it would lead him.

He was willing to sacrifice his own son out of obedience to God. These qualities continue to inspire people today.


In conclusion, Abraham was a man of great faith and obedience who is revered by millions around the world. His legacy continues to inspire us today and reminds us of the importance of trusting in God’s plan for our lives.