Who Were the Three Disciples of Jesus?

The three disciples of Jesus, also known as the core disciples or the inner circle, were Peter, James, and John. These three men had a special relationship with Jesus and were often present during important events in his life. Let’s take a closer look at each of these disciples.


Peter was originally named Simon and was a fisherman by trade before he met Jesus. He was married and had a brother named Andrew who also became a disciple of Jesus. Peter is often considered the leader of the disciples and is mentioned more times in the Gospels than any other disciple.

One of Peter’s most well-known moments was when he denied knowing Jesus three times before his crucifixion. After Jesus’ resurrection, he forgave Peter and even entrusted him with leading his followers.


James was the son of Zebedee and worked as a fisherman alongside his brother John before becoming a disciple of Jesus. He is sometimes referred to as James the Greater to distinguish him from another disciple named James.

James is believed to have been one of the first disciples to be martyred for his faith in Jesus. He was beheaded by King Herod Agrippa I around 44 AD.


John was the brother of James and also worked as a fisherman before becoming a disciple of Jesus. He is often referred to as “the disciple whom Jesus loved” and had a close relationship with both Jesus and his mother Mary.

John went on to become an important leader in the early Christian church. He wrote several books in the New Testament, including the Gospel of John, which is known for its unique perspective on Jesus’ life and teachings.

The Importance of These Disciples:

While Jesus had many followers during his time on Earth, these three disciples were chosen to witness some of the most significant moments in his life. They were present at the Transfiguration, where Jesus was seen in his divine glory, and also accompanied him to the Garden of Gethsemane before his arrest.

Their close relationship with Jesus allowed them to witness firsthand his teachings and miracles. They went on to spread the message of Jesus’ love and sacrifice throughout the world, laying the foundation for Christianity as we know it today.


Peter, James, and John were more than just disciples of Jesus – they were friends who shared in some of the most important moments in his life. Their faithfulness and dedication to spreading his message helped pave the way for Christianity to become a global religion.