Why Are the Aztecs Important to World History?

The Aztecs were an ancient civilization that existed in Mexico from the 14th to the 16th century. They are an important part of world history as they left behind a rich cultural heritage and contributed significantly to the development of modern-day Mexico.

Religion and Mythology

One of the most notable aspects of Aztec culture was their religion and mythology. The Aztecs believed in many gods and goddesses who they worshipped through elaborate rituals and ceremonies. Their mythology also included tales of creation, war, and sacrifice.

Fun fact: The Aztecs believed that they were living in the fifth world, which was created after four previous worlds had been destroyed.


The Aztecs were skilled architects who built impressive structures such as temples, pyramids, and palaces. One of their most famous structures is the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan, which was the capital of the Aztec empire. This temple was dedicated to two gods – Huitzilopochtli (god of war) and Tlaloc (god of rain).

Note: Unfortunately, many Aztec structures were destroyed by Spanish conquistadors during their invasion of Mexico.


The Aztecs were also skilled farmers who developed innovative techniques for agriculture. They built chinampas, which were man-made islands used for farming crops such as maize and beans. They also used a system of terracing to farm on steep hillsides.

  • Fun fact:
  • Chocolate was highly prized by the Aztecs, who believed it had both medicinal and spiritual properties. It was often used as a form of currency.

    Social Structure

    The Aztec society was highly organized with clear social hierarchies. At the top were nobles and priests, followed by warriors and merchants, and then farmers and laborers. The Aztecs also had a complex system of laws and punishments.

    Impact on Mexico Today

    The Aztecs have had a lasting impact on modern-day Mexico. Many Mexican traditions such as the Day of the Dead festival can be traced back to Aztec culture. The Mexican flag also features an eagle perched on a cactus, which is a symbol that originates from an Aztec legend.

    In conclusion, the Aztecs were an important civilization that left behind a rich cultural heritage. Their achievements in religion, agriculture, architecture, and social organization continue to influence Mexico today.