Why Battles Were Fought During Ancient Times?

Battles and wars have been fought throughout human history. From ancient times, humans have engaged in battles for various reasons.

These battles shaped the course of history and left a significant impact on society. In this article, we will explore the reasons why battles were fought during ancient times.

Political Power

One of the main reasons why battles were fought during ancient times was to gain political power. Kings and rulers fought wars to expand their territories and increase their power. The desire for political power was so strong that it often led to conflicts between neighboring kingdoms or empires.

The Trojan War

The Trojan War is one of the most famous battles fought during ancient times. It was fought between the Greeks and Trojans over the abduction of Helen, the wife of Menelaus, by Paris, a Trojan prince. The war lasted for ten years and resulted in the destruction of Troy.

Control Over Resources

Another reason why battles were fought during ancient times was to control resources such as land, water, and minerals. These resources were essential for survival and economic prosperity.

The Punic Wars

The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. The wars were fought over control of trade routes in the Mediterranean Sea. Rome emerged victorious after three long and bloody wars.

Religious Differences

Religion played a significant role in ancient societies, and religious differences often led to conflicts between different groups.

The Crusades

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims from 1096 to 1270 AD. The goal of the Crusades was to reclaim Jerusalem from Muslim rule. The Crusaders believed that it was their religious duty to fight for their faith.

Defense Against Invasion

Finally, battles were also fought during ancient times for defense against invasion. The fear of invasion was always present, and kingdoms and empires had to be prepared to defend themselves.

The Battle of Thermopylae

The Battle of Thermopylae was fought in 480 BC between the Greeks and Persians. The Greeks, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, fought to defend their homeland against the invading Persian army. Although they were outnumbered, the Greeks put up a fierce resistance and delayed the Persian advance.


In conclusion, battles were fought during ancient times for various reasons such as political power, control over resources, religious differences, and defense against invasion. These battles shaped the course of history and left a lasting impact on society. Understanding why these battles were fought can help us better understand our past and inform our decisions in the present.