Why Does Jesus Call Himself the Bread of Life?

Jesus used many metaphors to describe himself, such as the Good Shepherd and the Light of the World. One of his most significant metaphors, however, is when he called himself the Bread of Life.

This metaphor appears in the Gospel of John, and it has significant implications for our spiritual lives. In this article, we will explore why Jesus calls himself the Bread of Life.

What Does “Bread of Life” Mean?

When Jesus calls himself the Bread of Life, he is using a metaphor to describe his role in our lives. Bread is one of the most basic and essential foods in many cultures.

It sustains life and provides nourishment to our bodies. In the same way, Jesus sustains our spiritual lives and provides us with nourishment for our souls.

The Context of Jesus’ Statement

The Bread of Life metaphor appears in John 6:35 when Jesus says, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.” This statement comes after Jesus fed a crowd of five thousand with just five loaves of bread and two fish.

The people were amazed by this miracle and wanted to make him their king. However, Jesus withdrew from them because he knew that they were seeking him for physical reasons rather than spiritual ones.

The Significance of Jesus’ Miracles

Jesus’ miracles were not just displays of power; they had a deeper significance. They were signs that pointed to his identity as God’s Son and his mission to save humanity from sin and death. The feeding of the five thousand was a sign that pointed to Jesus as the Bread of Life.

The Importance of Believing in Jesus

In his statement, Jesus emphasizes believing in him as essential for receiving eternal life. Belief goes beyond mere intellectual assent; it involves trust and commitment to Jesus as Lord and Savior. When we believe in Jesus, we partake of the Bread of Life, and our spiritual hunger is satisfied.

Eating the Bread of Life

In John 6:53, Jesus says, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.” This statement confused many of his listeners and caused some to turn away from him. However, Jesus was not advocating cannibalism; he was using a metaphor to describe the necessity of partaking in his sacrifice for our salvation.

The Sacrifice of Jesus

Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross was the ultimate expression of his love for us. He gave his life so that we could have eternal life. When we partake in communion or the Lord’s Supper, we remember this sacrifice and proclaim our faith in him.

The Importance of Communion

Communion is a sacrament that Christians observe to remember Jesus’ sacrifice and partake in his body and blood symbolically. It is a powerful reminder that our spiritual nourishment comes from Christ alone.


In conclusion, Jesus calls himself the Bread of Life to emphasize his role as sustainer and provider for our spiritual lives. Believing in him as Lord and Savior is essential for receiving eternal life.

Partaking in communion is one way that we can remember his sacrifice and proclaim our faith in him. As we eat the Bread of Life, let us be reminded that he is all we need for spiritual sustenance.