In ancient times, forts were built for various reasons. These structures were essential for providing protection and security to people against invading armies and natural disasters. Forts were built on high ground or hills to provide a strategic advantage, making it easier to defend.
The Purpose of Forts
The primary purpose of forts was to serve as a defensive structure against invaders. In ancient times, kingdoms and empires were in constant competition with each other over resources, land, and power. As a result, wars were frequent, and the need for protection was paramount.
Forts were constructed in strategic locations that provided a clear view of the surrounding area. The high ground provided an advantage over the enemy as they could see the enemy’s movements from afar and prepare accordingly.
The Designs of Forts
Forts had different designs depending on their location and purpose. Some forts were designed to withstand sieges and had thick walls with towers at regular intervals. Others had moats surrounding them to prevent enemies from entering through the gates.
Hill forts were built on hills or high ground to provide a clear view of the surrounding area. These forts typically had an outer wall with towers at regular intervals. The inner part of the fort would contain residential areas for soldiers and their families.
Coastal forts were built near the coastlines to prevent enemy ships from landing on shore. These forts typically had cannons that could be used to fire at incoming ships.
Protection Against Natural Disasters:
Apart from providing protection against invaders, some forts were also built to protect people from natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes.
In conclusion, forts played a vital role in ancient times by providing security and protection against invaders and natural disasters. These structures were strategically located and designed to provide an advantage over the enemy. Today, many of these forts have become historic landmarks and tourist attractions that provide insight into the past.