Why Is February African American History Month?

February is a month dedicated to celebrating the rich history and achievements of African Americans. This month-long celebration is known as African American History Month, also referred to as Black History Month. In this article, we will explore the origins of this observance and why it is celebrated in February.

The Origins of African American History Month

The origins of African American History Month date back to the early 20th century when a Harvard-trained historian named Carter G. Woodson recognized the need for a national celebration of Black history. Woodson, along with other prominent African Americans, founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in 1915.

In 1926, Woodson proposed that the second week of February be designated as Negro History Week because it coincided with the birthdays of two notable figures in Black history: Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. The week-long celebration aimed to raise awareness about African American contributions to society and promote greater understanding and appreciation for their struggles.

As the Civil Rights Movement gained momentum in the 1960s, Negro History Week evolved into a month-long celebration, officially becoming known as African American History Month in 1976. Since then, every U.S. president has designated February as African American History Month.

Why February?

As mentioned earlier, February was chosen as the month to celebrate African American history because it coincides with the birthdays of two influential figures in Black history: Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.

Frederick Douglass was born on February 14th, 1818 in Talbot County, Maryland. He was an abolitionist and civil rights leader who escaped slavery at age 20 and went on to become an author, orator, and statesman.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12th, 1809 in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He served as the 16th President of the United States and is best known for his Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all enslaved people in Confederate-held territory were to be set free.

By celebrating African American history during February, we honor the legacies of these two figures who played pivotal roles in shaping the course of Black history in America.

The Importance of African American History Month

African American History Month is an important observance because it recognizes the significant contributions that Black people have made to our society despite facing countless obstacles and injustices. It serves as a reminder that Black history is American history and that we must acknowledge and celebrate the achievements of all Americans, regardless of race.

Moreover, African American History Month provides an opportunity for education and reflection. It allows us to learn about little-known aspects of Black history and expand our understanding of the experiences and struggles faced by African Americans throughout history. By doing so, we can gain a deeper appreciation for their contributions and work towards greater social justice and equality for all.


African American History Month is a celebration of Black excellence, perseverance, and resilience. By honoring the legacies of those who have come before us, we can inspire future generations to continue fighting for equality and justice for all. Let us use this month as an opportunity to learn, reflect, and celebrate the rich history of African Americans in our country.