Why Is Rome Important to World History?

Rome is one of the most historically significant cities in the world. It is an ancient city that played a major role in shaping modern civilization. From its foundation in 753 BC to the present day, Rome has been a center of power, culture, and innovation.

Early Rome

In its early days, Rome was a small village on the banks of the Tiber River. According to legend, it was founded by Romulus and Remus, twin brothers who were raised by a she-wolf. The city grew rapidly and became a republic in 509 BC.

The Roman Republic

The Roman Republic was a period of great expansion and prosperity for Rome. It was during this time that Rome conquered much of Italy and expanded its influence throughout the Mediterranean world. The Roman Republic was also known for its system of government, which included two consuls who were elected by the people.

The Roman Empire

In 27 BC, Rome became an empire under Julius Caesar’s adopted son, Augustus. The Roman Empire continued to expand its territory and influence under emperors like Trajan and Hadrian. It was during this time that many of Rome’s most famous landmarks were built, including the Colosseum and the Pantheon.

The Legacy of Rome

Rome’s legacy can be seen in many aspects of modern civilization. For example:

  • Language: Latin, the language of ancient Rome, has had a significant impact on modern languages such as Spanish, French and Italian.
  • Laws: Many modern legal systems are based on Roman law.
  • Architecture: Many buildings around the world are inspired by ancient Roman architecture.
  • Culture: Modern culture still draws inspiration from ancient Roman literature, art, and mythology.


In conclusion, Rome’s importance to world history cannot be overstated. From its early days as a small village to its reign as an empire, Rome has left an indelible mark on the world. Its legacy can still be seen in many aspects of modern civilization.