Why Is Sardinia Important in World History?

Sardinia, the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, has played a significant role in world history. From ancient times to modern-day, Sardinia has been home to various civilizations, each leaving its mark on the island’s culture and heritage. Let’s dive deep into why Sardinia is important in world history.

Ancient Times

Sardinia was inhabited by the Nuragic civilization, which existed from the Bronze Age until the Roman conquest. The Nuragic people built impressive stone structures called nuraghi, which can still be seen all over the island today. These structures were used for various purposes such as defensive fortifications or religious ceremonies.

The Phoenicians were among the first outsiders to trade with Sardinia and establish colonies on the island. They brought with them their writing system and introduced new crops such as olives and grapes.

The Carthaginians also had a significant influence on Sardinia’s history. They conquered and controlled the island for several centuries until they were defeated by the Romans in 238 BC.

Roman Times

The Romans conquered Sardinia in 238 BC and made it a province of Rome. The island became an essential source of grain for Rome, and many Roman soldiers were stationed on the island to protect it from invaders.

Sardinia also served as a place of exile for political prisoners during Roman times. One of these exiles was none other than Cicero, one of Rome’s greatest orators and philosophers.

Medieval Times

During medieval times, Sardinia was ruled by various kingdoms such as Byzantine Empire, Arabs, Genoa, Pisa, and Aragon. Each kingdom left its mark on Sardinia’s culture and heritage.

The Aragonese ruled over Sardinia for four centuries until it became part of Italy in 1861. During this time, Sardinia became a significant center of trade and commerce, which helped it prosper.

Modern Times

In modern times, Sardinia played a crucial role in World War II. The island was heavily bombed by the Allies due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean Sea. Many important battles took place on the island during the war.

Today, Sardinia is an essential tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, rugged mountains, and unique cuisine. The island’s rich history and culture continue to attract visitors from all over the world.


Sardinia’s importance in world history cannot be overstated. From the Nuragic civilization to modern times, the island has been home to various civilizations that have left their mark on Sardinia’s culture and heritage.

Its strategic location in the Mediterranean Sea has made it a center of trade and commerce for centuries. Today, Sardinia continues to attract visitors from all over the world who come to experience its rich history and culture.