Why Is the Great Wall Significant in World History?

The Great Wall of China is one of the most iconic structures in the world. It stretches over 13,000 miles and has been standing for over 2,000 years. The wall is a symbol of China’s rich history and culture, as well as its resilience and perseverance.

The Purpose of the Great Wall

The Great Wall was built to protect China from invading armies. It was originally built during the Warring States period (475-221 BCE) and continued to be expanded throughout the Qin dynasty (221-206 BCE) and Han dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE). The wall served as a strategic defense system that allowed Chinese soldiers to monitor incoming threats and protect their land from enemy invaders.

The Construction of the Great Wall

Building the Great Wall was no easy feat. It required an enormous amount of manpower, resources, and engineering expertise.

The wall consists of various materials including brick, tamped earth, stone, and wood. It was constructed by using a combination of labor-intensive techniques such as digging trenches, stacking bricks, and hauling materials up steep inclines.

The Significance of the Great Wall Today

The Great Wall has become one of China’s most treasured landmarks and serves as a testament to its rich cultural heritage. Today, millions of people visit the wall every year to marvel at its sheer size and scope. In 1987, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its cultural significance.


In conclusion, the Great Wall is not only significant in Chinese history but also world history. It is a symbol of human ingenuity and perseverance in the face of adversity. As one stands atop this majestic structure gazing out at the vast expanse beyond it’s hard not to be filled with awe at what humankind can achieve when working together towards a common goal.