Why Is the Ottoman Empire Important AP World History?

The Ottoman Empire is undoubtedly one of the most significant empires in world history. Spanning over six centuries, this empire played a pivotal role in shaping the modern world as we know it. In this article, we will explore why the Ottoman Empire is important in AP World History.

The Rise of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman I in 1299. At its peak, it spanned three continents and was one of the most powerful empires in the world. The Ottomans were able to achieve such power through their military prowess and strategic alliances with other empires.

Military Power

The Ottomans were renowned for their military strength, which allowed them to conquer new territories and expand their empire. They had a highly organized army that was divided into units known as Janissaries. These soldiers were highly trained and loyal to the empire, making them formidable opponents on the battlefield.


In addition to their military might, the Ottomans formed strategic alliances with other empires such as France and Austria-Hungary. These alliances helped the Ottomans maintain their power and influence in Europe.

The Legacy of the Ottoman Empire

The legacy of the Ottoman Empire can still be seen today in many parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Here are some ways that this empire has left its mark on history:

Cultural Influence

During its reign, the Ottoman Empire was a hub of culture and learning. Many important poets, writers, and artists flourished under Ottoman patronage.


One of the most enduring legacies of the Ottomans is their architecture. From mosques to palaces, Ottoman buildings are known for their intricate designs and stunning beauty.

  • Hagia Sophia – once a mosque now turned into a museum
  • Topkapi Palace – the residence of Ottoman Sultans for centuries
  • Blue Mosque – one of the most famous mosques in the world

The End of the Ottoman Empire

Despite its many achievements, the Ottoman Empire eventually declined and was dissolved in 1922. There were several factors that contributed to its downfall, such as economic stagnation and political instability.


In conclusion, the Ottoman Empire is an important topic in AP World History because of its impact on world events and its enduring legacy. By studying this empire, we can gain a better understanding of how empires rise and fall and how they shape the world around them.