Why Was Ancient Greece Important?

Ancient Greece is a civilization that has greatly influenced the modern world. From its art to its philosophy, Ancient Greece has left a lasting impact on society. In this article, we will explore why Ancient Greece was important and how it has shaped the world we live in today.

History of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization that existed from around 800 BC to 146 BC. It was located in the southern part of Europe, primarily in what is now known as Greece. The Greek civilization was made up of city-states, each with its own government and way of life.


One of the most significant contributions of Ancient Greece to the modern world is democracy. The concept of democracy originated in Athens, one of the most prominent city-states in Ancient Greece. Athenians believed that all citizens had an equal say in government, which led to the creation of the first democratic government.

Fun Fact: The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words: “demos,” meaning people, and “kratos,” meaning power or rule.


Ancient Greeks were known for their love of knowledge and pursuit of wisdom. Many famous philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle lived during this time period. Their ideas about ethics, politics, and metaphysics have greatly influenced Western philosophy.

Quote from Aristotle: “The roots of education are bitter but the fruit is sweet.”

The Arts

The Greeks were also known for their contributions to art and architecture. Some famous examples include the Parthenon temple in Athens and sculptures such as Michelangelo’s David inspired by ancient Greek works like Venus de Milo.

  • Ancient Greek art heavily influenced Roman art.
  • The Olympics were created by Ancient Greeks and are still celebrated today.

Language and Literature

The Greek language has been a significant influence on the English language. Many words in English have Greek roots, such as “democracy,” “philosophy,” and “theater.” The most famous works of ancient Greek literature include Homer’s epic poems, the Iliad, and the Odyssey.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was an important civilization that has left a lasting impact on our world. Its contributions to democracy, philosophy, art and architecture, language and literature continue to shape society today. The legacy of Ancient Greece can be seen in many aspects of modern life, making it a crucial part of human history.