Why Was Gold So Valuable in Ancient Times?

Gold has been a valuable commodity for centuries, and its worth has only increased over time. From ancient Egypt to modern times, gold has been used as a currency, a symbol of wealth and power, and even as an object of worship.

But why was gold so valuable in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the history of gold and its significance in ancient civilizations.

The History of Gold

Gold has been around for millions of years. It is the most malleable and ductile metal known to man, which means it can be easily shaped into various forms.

Gold is also resistant to corrosion, making it highly durable. These properties made it an ideal metal for making jewelry and other decorative objects.

Gold in Ancient Egypt

The first civilization to use gold extensively was ancient Egypt. The Egyptians believed that gold was the flesh of the gods and that it had magical properties. They used gold to make jewelry, statues, and other religious objects.

The Pharaohs of Egypt also used gold as a symbol of their power and wealth. They would adorn themselves with massive amounts of gold jewelry and even use it to decorate their tombs. The famous burial mask of Tutankhamun is made entirely out of solid gold.

Gold in Ancient Greece

The Greeks saw gold as a symbol of purity and perfection. They believed that the gods lived in a realm made entirely out of gold called Mount Olympus. Because they thought that gods were perfect beings, they considered anything made out of gold to be perfect as well.

The Greeks used gold mainly for decorative purposes such as making jewelry, vases, and other ornamental objects. They also used it for coins which were widely accepted throughout the Mediterranean world.

Gold in Ancient Rome

In ancient Rome, gold was used primarily as currency. The Romans would mint coins out of gold, which were widely accepted throughout the empire. They also used gold to make jewelry and other decorative objects.

The Roman Empire was one of the wealthiest and most powerful empires in history, and their extensive use of gold played a significant role in their success.


In conclusion, gold has been valuable for centuries because of its unique properties and cultural significance. Ancient civilizations like Egypt, Greece, and Rome used it for religious, decorative, and monetary purposes. Today, gold continues to be a valuable commodity with a wide range of uses in various industries such as electronics and medicine.