Located on the Mediterranean coast in Egypt, the city of Alexandria has fascinated historians and scholars for centuries. The city was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC and became a center for learning, culture, and trade.
One of the primary reasons that Alexandria was known in ancient times was its strategic location. The city was situated at the mouth of the Nile River, which made it an important port for maritime trade.
It also served as a gateway to other parts of Africa, as well as Asia and Europe. This made it a hub for goods such as spices, textiles, and precious metals.
Alexandria was also known for its rich cultural heritage. It was home to the famous Library of Alexandria, which housed over 700,000 manuscripts from across the world. The library was considered one of the largest and most significant centers of learning in ancient times.
The Great Lighthouse
Another remarkable landmark in ancient Alexandria was the Pharos Lighthouse. Built-in 280 BC during Ptolemy II’s reign, it stood at a height of over 130 meters and was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Alexandria’s reputation for knowledge extended beyond its library. It also had several renowned schools that attracted scholars from across the world. One such institution was the Museum of Alexandria – a center for research and study that housed some of history’s most brilliant minds.
The medical school at Alexandria included some significant advancements such as surgeries on cadavers to train medical students before they operated on living patients. They also discovered that arteries contained blood rather than air like previously believed.
Being situated on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast meant that Alexandria had military significance. The city was a key location for naval battles and played an important role in protecting Egypt from invasions.
In 30 BC, Alexandria was conquered by the Roman Empire, leading to the decline of its cultural and intellectual centrality. However, the city remained an important trade hub throughout the Roman era.
Alexandria’s importance in ancient times can be attributed to its strategic location, rich cultural heritage, and educational achievements. It remains a significant city to this day due to its historical significance and is still a popular tourist destination.