Why Was There No Blue in Ancient Times?

Have you ever wondered why blue was notably absent from ancient art and artifacts? While we now see blue as a common and essential color, the color blue was not always readily available or widely used in ancient times.

The Rarity of Blue Pigments

One reason for the scarcity of blue in ancient times was the lack of available natural pigments. Unlike other colors like red and yellow, which could be easily made from natural materials such as clay or minerals, blue pigments were difficult to come by.


Indigo was one of the few natural sources of blue pigment. However, it was only found in certain regions and required extensive processing to create a dye. This made indigo expensive and reserved for only the wealthy or those with high social status.

Egyptian Blue

Another source of blue pigment was Egyptian Blue, a synthetic pigment created by heating copper, sand, and ash. Although this pigment was widely used in ancient Egypt and Greece, it still required specific materials and techniques to produce.


The rarity of blue pigments also affected its symbolism in ancient civilizations. While red was associated with power and vitality and green with fertility and growth, blue did not have a clear symbolic meaning.

Ancient Egypt

In Ancient Egypt, blue represented the Nile River and the sky. It also had associations with rebirth due to its use in amulets placed on mummies during the mummification process.

Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece, blue represented the gods Zeus and Poseidon but did not hold significant cultural importance beyond that.

The Advent of Synthetic Blue Pigments

It wasn’t until the 18th century that synthetic pigments such as Prussian Blue were invented, making vibrant blues more accessible and widely used in art.


One of the most famous blue pigments, Ultramarine, was created from lapis lazuli, a rare and expensive stone imported from Afghanistan. This pigment was so valuable that it was often reserved for use in religious paintings or by wealthy patrons.

In Conclusion

In summary, the scarcity of natural blue pigments and its lack of clear symbolism in ancient civilizations contributed to the absence of blue in art and artifacts. It wasn’t until the advent of synthetic pigments that blue became more widely available and used in art. So next time you admire a beautiful blue painting or sculpture, take a moment to appreciate the rarity and history behind its vibrant hue.