Why Was Writing Important During the Ancient Civilization?

Writing has been an essential part of human history. It has played a crucial role in the development and progress of civilizations.

Ancient civilizations like the Egyptians, Mesopotamians, and Greeks understood the importance of writing and documented their knowledge and beliefs in written form. In this article, we will explore why writing was important during the ancient civilization.

Preserving History

One of the most significant reasons why writing was important during ancient times was to preserve history. Before the invention of writing, history was passed down orally from one generation to another.

As a result, it was challenging to maintain accurate records of past events. However, with the invention of writing systems such as hieroglyphics and cuneiform, ancient civilizations could document their history accurately.

For instance, the Egyptians documented their pharaohs’ reigns on stone walls and papyrus scrolls. These writings provided future generations with valuable information about their culture, traditions, and beliefs.


Writing also played an essential role in communication during ancient times. With written language, people could communicate beyond geographic boundaries and even across time periods.

The Greeks, for example, used written language to communicate with people beyond their city-states. They also wrote letters to each other documenting significant events or requesting assistance.

Economic Transactions

In addition to preserving history and communication purposes, writing played a crucial role in economic transactions during ancient times. Written records of goods exchanged or debts owed were essential for commerce.

The Sumerians, who lived in Mesopotamia around 4000 BCE, developed one of the earliest forms of written language called cuneiform script. They used this script to keep records of economic transactions such as trade deals.

Religious Beliefs

Finally, religion played an essential role in ancient civilization life, and writing was used to document religious beliefs and practices. The Egyptians used hieroglyphics to record their religious beliefs and rituals. Many ancient civilizations also kept written records of important religious texts.


In conclusion, writing was crucial during ancient civilization times for preserving history, communication, economic transactions, and documenting religious beliefs. Without writing, ancient civilizations would have struggled to maintain accurate records of their past and pass down knowledge to future generations. Writing has played a vital role in the development and progress of human civilization.