What Was England Called in Ancient Times?

England is a country with a rich history that dates back thousands of years. However, what was England called in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the various names that England has been known by throughout history.

The Celts and the Roman Invasion

Before the Roman invasion in 43 AD, England was inhabited by various Celtic tribes. The area was known as “Britannia” by the Romans.

After the invasion, the Romans named their new province “Britannia” as well. However, this name referred to the entire island and not just England.

The Anglo-Saxons

In the 5th century AD, Germanic tribes known as the Anglo-Saxons invaded England and established their own kingdoms. At this time, England was known as “Angleland” or “Englaland,” which meant “land of the Angles.” The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England alongside the Saxons.

The Vikings

In the 9th century AD, Viking invaders from Scandinavia began to raid and settle in England. They referred to it as “Englaland” or “Engla land,” which meant “land of the English.” This name stuck even after Viking rule ended in 1066.

The Normans

In 1066, William of Normandy invaded England and became its new king. He brought with him French culture and language, which had a significant impact on English society. During this time, England was sometimes referred to as “Norman-ruled England” or simply “Normandy.”


Throughout its history, England has been known by many names reflecting its varied cultural influences. From Britannia under Roman rule to Angleland during Anglo-Saxon times to Norman-ruled England after William the Conqueror’s invasion, England’s name has changed multiple times over the centuries. However, today it remains known as England, a name that has stood the test of time.